THE KITCHEN SINK

COLOURED PASTA - Supermom

**This is not an edible recipe.  This is ideal for crafts using the alphabet pasta**


1/4 cup of rubbing alcohol
1 tbsp of food colouring of your choice
2 cups of pasta of your choice
1 quart zip lock freezer bag
large paper, grocery bags

Pour alcohol and food colouring in a ziplock freezer bag. Zip it and shake around to mix. Open it and put in the pasta. Make sure the bag is zipped. Turn the bag over and over on the table to evenly coat the pasta. Leave it on the table for about an hour. Turn it over after 30 minutes to evenly coat it. Pour it out onto the paper bags. Let it dry overnight.

TIPS FOR SUSAN'S RECIPES

Preservatives & Shelf Life

Most of the recipes offered here have a shelf-life of 2-3 months if stored in a cool place. Did you know grapefruit seed extract could be used as a preservative for soaps and lotions? Recommended usage is .5 - 5% of the entire volume (in ounces) of your batch. 

Also, try Germaben II Lotion Preservative, by Magestic Mountain Sage 

Fruits & Veggies

Many fruits and vegetables can be applied directly to the face. A slice of tomato or cucumber can be used as a simple cleanser.
Use the list below as a general guide to using fruits and vegetables, either directly on your skin, or in a lotion or cream. 

Highly acidic
Use only on oily skin and use in moderation: 

Lemon*
Grapefruit*
Apples*
Strawberries*
Lime* 

Slightly more acidic than normal skin
Beneficial for most skin types: 

Peaches*
Apricots*
Tomatoes*
Grapes (not Concord)* 

Neutral
Beneficial for most skin types: 

Cucumber*
Bananas*
Watermelon*
Persimmon*
Pepper* 

Low acidity
Good for moisturizing dry skin: 

Carrots*
Cantaloupe*
Avocado*
Honeydew Melon*
Iceberg Lettuce* 

NOTE: Facial masks should be applied very gently to preserve the cusion of fatty tissue and avoid stretching the surface skin. 

Be sure to test a small area for skin sensitivity before using any mixture on your face. Dab a little on the inside of your wrist or the underside of your arm and wait a 24-48 hours to see if it causes a reaction, such as a rash. 

Mayonnaise?
Yes, simple mayonnaise contains many useful skin nutrients. Use your own recipe (but leave out the salt!), or buy a good salt-free mayonnaise and massage it into your skin as a night cream. 

Bran and Oatmeal
Bran and oatmeal both make great hand smoothers. To make bran water, add 1 cup of boiling water to 1/2 cup of natural bran and allow to steep for 15 minutes. Strain out the bran and leave small amount of bran water in a bowl by the kitchen sink (refrigerate the rest until you're ready to use it). Dip your hands into the water and dab them dry 3-4 times a day, especially after washing dishes. 

For an oatmeal wash, simmer one part of old-fashioned (non-instant) oatmeal in 2-3 parts water until the meal swells and is soft. Strain into a container and use like the bran water.


BATH SALTS - Susan

DESERT SANDS BATH SALT RECIPE 

5 drops yellow food coloring 
2 drops red food coloring 
4 drops musk oil 
3 drops Jasmine fragrant or essential oil 
3 cups epsom salts 
1 cup baking soda 
2 teaspoons glycerin 

Combine baking soda, epsom salt and glycerin until well blended, add scents stirring until there is no clumps just a fine powder. Divide the mixture evenly into 3 separate bowls. In the first bowl add 3 drops yellow food coloring, in the second add 3 drops red food coloring and in the 3rd bowl add 2 drops yellow with 1 drop red food coloring...stir each bowl until the color is well mixed. Allow the air to dry it for a few hours before placing in a bottle. Once dried, layer the colors...red first, then orange then lastly yellow.


FIZZING BATH SALTS RECIPE

Use your imagination for molding. Anything from an egg cup to some creative kitchen tools will do the trick. Plastic molds from craft stores also work well.

1 cup baking soda 
1/2 cup corn starch 
1/2 cup citric acid [this is the fizzing part] 
Optional: 1 tablespoon cold pressed cosmetic Sweet Almond Oil * not almond cooking oil 
Optional: 15 to 25 drops of cosmetic grade fragrance oil [or 10 drops of essential oil] 
Optional: edible food colouring [liquid colouring drops or paste] 
Optional: water or witch hazel in a fine misting spray bottle 

In a bowl large enough to hold the first three ingredients plus enough room to mix and stir them, mix the baking soda and corn starch together. Take about a 1/2 a cup out of the bowl and place into another bowl. This is 1/2 cup of mixture, add your colouring, fragrance or essential oil and Sweet Almond Oil. Mash this mixture together well using either a spoon or your fingers. Add this mixture back into the main bowl and when thoroughly combined, add the citric acid into the main bowl. Thoroughly combine all ingredients either by hand or by stirring together with a spoon.

1] If you do not want to mold the bath salts, simply store the mix in an airtight container. Scoop out and use as needed.
2] To Mold the Bath Salts: Now comes the part that's a little bit tricky. Take your fine spray mister, filled with either water or witch hazel, and very lightly begin to mist and dampen the mixture by misting and stirring... misting and stirring. Dampen it only enough so that when you press some of the mixture together in your hand, it will clump and hold a shape. If you moisten the mixture too much, the citric acid will begin to activate, and *poof* no more bath fizzies... only a bowl of fizzed out bath salts.

When the mixture is dampened enough to hold a shape, press into the molds. Let these molds sit for a few minutes then tap the molded bath salts out onto to a wax paper covered board or cookie sheet. Allow the molds to dry and harden for about two days. Everyone finds their own best way to make these fizzing bath salt molds. Some people moisten first, then add in the citric acid. Others follow the above directions.


BATH SALTS 

2 c Epson salts
1 c Sea salt or kosher salt
6 dr Essential oil
1/2 ts Glycerine
Food coloring

Mix well in ziplock bag. Store airtight. 

Note: Add 2 T. rice flour to keep free flowing.


BASIC BATH SALTS RECIPE

1 cup Epsom salts
10-20 drops fragrance oil
1 cup sea salt
10 drops food coloring

Place the salts in a large bowl and mix well. Scoop out about 1/2 cup into a small bowl. Add the fragrance oil and food coloring to the salts in the small bowl and mix well. Add the blended mixture to the large bowl a little at a time until you are pleased with the color strength. Pour your salts in a glass jar with a tight fitting lid. Shake every day for one week before packaging.

To Use: Draw a warm bath and add 1/4 cup of the fragrant salts to the running water. Hop in and relax, inhaling deeply toexperience the soothing qualities of aromatherapy. 

Makes six to eight uses.


BATH SALTS W/BORAX 

Equal Parts of: seasalts, Epsom salts, borax, baking soda
Glycerin
Color (food coloring or any other colorant)
Scent

Mix first four ingredients thoroughly. You can mix it with your hands and then add 1 tsp. of glycerine per 1 lb. of mix (approx.). Rub this between your hands to mix and then add color (as much or little as you'd like). Then add a little scent - start out with a little at a time and then add more if you wish. Rub this all between your hands to mix. Use about a half cup in your bath. 


HARVEST BATH SALTS 
Craft Magazine

1/2-Cup Rock Salt (the kind you use in your ice cream maker)
20 Drops Each Apple and Orange Fragrance Oil
1 Drop each Red, Green, Yellow and Blue

Separate salt into two bowls. Add 10 drops of each fragrance oil to each bowl. Separate the apple salt into two bowls and color one red and one green. Stirring color and fragrance thru the salt. Separate the orange scented salt into two bowls and color one yellow and one blue. Stir until well blended. You can put the salt in lidded containers and shake well (but not too hard) to distribute the color and fragrance. Spread the salt out on wax paper and allow to dry completely. Layer in a glass jar. More fragrances can be used if desired (for ex. use 4 instead of just 2). 


MIDNIGHT WISHES BATH SALTS 

3/4 c. epsom salts
1/4 c. sea salts
1/4 c. baking soda
5 drops patchouli oil
4 drops lavender oil
3 drops vanilla fragrance oil
2 drops cedarwood oil

Mix all ingredients and stir until blended. Use about 1/4 cup in a your bath. 


MORE SIMPLE BATH SALTS 

1/4 cup Epsom salt
1/8 cup baking soda
1/8 cup sea salt
10 drops essential oi

Mix all salts in a bowl thoroughly. Add five drops of essential oil and blend it in well then add five more drops and blend. Store in an airtight. To use, Add 1/4 - 1/2 cup to bath water.


MYSTICAL MORN BATH SALTS 

1 1/2 c. epsom salts
1 c. sea salts
1 c. sea salts
10 drops chamomile oil
8 drops orange oil

Mix all ingredients and stir until blended. Use about 1/4 cup in a your bath. 


RELAXING LAVENDER BATH SALTS

1 c. rock salt or sea salt
1/2 c. Epsom salt
2 T. baking soda
10 drops lavender oil
colorant

Blend all except baking soda. Blend soda after other ingredients are mixed. You can also add 1/2 tsp. of glycerin at this point to make the salts sparkle. Use 1/4 c. to 1/2 c. Per bath. 


SIMPLE BATH SALTS

1 part baking soda
2 parts Epsom salt
3 parts sea salt

Mix it all in a big bowl, then put in a large zip lock freezer bag along with a tiny amount of powdered pigment. Then I shake until the color is dispersed. It colors the salts wonderfully with no clumps. If you do live somewhere humid, mix in a little glycerin to help with the clumping. 


SUMMER ORCHARD BATH SALTS 

3/4 c. epsom salts
1/4 c. sea salts
1/4 c. baking soda
3 drops peach fragrance oil
3 drops bergamot oil
2 drops vanilla fragrance oil
1 drop lime oil

Mix all ingredients and stir until blended. Use about 1/4 cup in a your bath. 
MIDNIGHT SPLENDER 
Kitty Kat

1/2c.rock salt (optional)
1/2c.epsom salt
1/4c.sea salt
5 drops vanilla oil
4 drops lavender oil
3 drops cedarwood oil
15-20 drops of blue food coloring


SWEET ORANGE 

1c.epsom salts
1/4c.sea salts
10 drops of yellow food coloring
5 drops of red food coloring
10 drops of orange fragrance oil


BASIC BATH SALTS 

1 cup Epsom Salt
up to 15 drops color(we use soap colors)
5-10 drops FO of your choice

With a wooden spoon mix all ingredients together in a glass bowl. When well mixed pour into desired container. Please remember that pregnant women should not use this product unless it's been oked by your doctor. 


OLD FASHIONED FIZZY BATH SALTS 

1 cup baking soda
1/2 cup cornstarch
1/2 cup citric acid
10-20 drops fragrance oil

Just mix the dry ingredients well, you may want to sift together. Scoop out about 1/2 cup of mixture to add color and fragrance. Blend well, then add back to entire mixture and mix til color and fragrance and thoroughly blended. The color in this will become somewhat darker as it dries. This mixture WILL go in plastic bags without seeping out. You can use anywhere from 1/4 cup to 1/2 cup for a bath. Mixture "fizzes' as it hits the water and disperses MUCH quicker than bath salts.


INSTANT BATH SALTS 

1 cup salt 
1 cup epsom salt 
1 cup baking soda 

Add a little of the mixture to your tub for a revitalizing bath. For bubbles, just add 1 cup of shampoo. For a nice scent, add a few drops of
fragrance oil. 


EARTH BATH SALTS 

1/2 cup epsom salts 
1 cup baking soda 
1/2 cup rock salt 
1/2 tsp vitamin E 
2 tsp light oil (almond, sunflower...) 
20 drops Patchouli essential oil 
15 drops Cypress essentail oil 
5 drops Vetivert essential oil 
Green Food coloring 

Mix all salts & baking soda together. Then combine oil, essential oils, vitamin E & a few drops of coloring in a seperate bowl. Add liquid to
salts and mix thoroughly. You can add more green food colouring if desired, but I find it nicer when it's a very light green as it does not
look as artificial. To use: Add a few heaping tablespoons to bath.


BUBBLE BATHS AND OILS - Susan

BUBBLE BATH

2 cups soap flakes or grated soap 
1 gallon water 
1/4 - 1/2 cup glycerin 
2 cups shampoo or liquid dishwashing detergent 
Scented oil of your choice 

Mix the soap flakes, water and 2 tbsp glycerin in a pot and set over low heat, stirring occasionally until the soap has dissolved. (This liquid soap can be stored in a covered container and used as an all-purpose soap or hand soap in the kitchen.) In a bowl, add 2 cups of this mixture to the rest of the glycerin, shampoo and add a few drops of your scented oil. Put into a quart container and store covered at room temperature. When you're ready to bathe, add about one cup to your tub as it's filling. 


HERBAL BATH

Add herbs to your tub by either making an infusion of them (see How to make and use herb preparations) and adding directly to the bath water, or putting the herbs into a muslin bag and tie it directly under the tap as the water is running. You can also add scented oil to the mixture if you want to. Here are a few ideas for herbs to use: 

Chamomile - soothing and cleansing 
Comfrey - rejuvinating 
Lovage - deodorizing and cleansing 
Lady's mantle - soothes skin irritation 
Black tea - relieving sunburn pain 
Mint - soothing and relaxing 
Lavender - relaxing and aromatic 


EASY MILK BATH 

Just add 1/2 - 1 cup of dried milk to your bath water for a softening and soothing bath. 

2 cups dry milk powder 
1 cup cornstarch 
1/8 teaspoon fragrance oil of your choice 

Blend together all ingredients in blender. Add 1/2 cup of mixture to hot bath water.

POWDERS - Susan

BATH POWDER RECIPE 1: 

1/2 cup baking soda 
1/2 cup cornstarch 
Fragrance oil - optional 


BATH POWDER RECIPE 2:

1 cup arrowroot powder
1/4 tsp essential oil


BATH POWDER RECIPE 3:

1 cup powdered arrowroot
1 cup corn starch 
1/4 cup baking soda 


BATH POWDER RECIPE 4: 

1/2 cup cornstarch 
2 tbsp arrowroot powder
2 tbsp baking soda 
A few drops of essential oils of your preference

Combine ingredients in a bowl and mix well. Let stand a few days and then sift through a flour sifter. Pour into a powder shaker/container.


BABY POWDER 

2 tbsp crumbled dried chamomile flowers 
1/4 cup cornstarch 
1 tbsp orrisroot 
1/2 tsp alum 

Mix ingredients together in a bowl. Sift and store in powder shaker. Use to keep baby's skin soft and dry.

The arrowroot powder can be used all by itself as a soothing body/bath powder, just add scent to suit your nose. 

The above quantities are provided as a guideline. Basically, you want to use equal parts of baking soda and cornstarch, adding about 20 drops of fragrance oil for each cup of the mixture. Combine dry ingredients in a bowl and mix together until thoroughly blended. If you're making large batches, you might want to cover your nose/mouth so you don't breath in too much of the powder. Then, if desired, add fragrance oil and stir until thoroughly blended. 

If you're using cornstarch, you'll probably want to sift it through a screen, to break up clumps and fluff it up. Push the mixture of oil/cornstarch through the screen and mix with the rest of the cornstarch powder. You may need to repeat the filtering process a few times. 

Let the whole mixture sit in a sealed jar overnight. This allows the scent to permeate the whole batch. Be sure to let dry before packaging.


CREAMS, LOTIONS, MASKS AND MOISTURIZERS - Susan

BASIC COLD CREAM

This recipe gives you a basic cold cream/moisturizer, which you can add to as you like with scented oils. 

1 egg yolk, beaten 
2 tbsp lemon juice 
1/2 cup olive oil 
1/2 cup vegetable oil 

Combine egg yolk and lemon juice and stir with a wire whisk, gradually adding oils until mixture thickens. If it's too thick, add more lemon juice. 


ALL PURPOSE HAND CREAM 

3 tbsp mashed almonds 
2 tbsp comfrey root (dried) 
1 tbsp chopped parsley 
1 egg 
1 tbsp honey 
1 tbsp glycerin 

Mix almond meal, comfrey root and parsley in a small bowl and set aside. In another bowl, mix egg, honey and glycerin. Stir in 3 tbsp of the almond mixture. Rub the mixture gently into your hands, letting it penetrate for 20-30 minutes, then wash off with warm water. Refrigerate mixture between uses. 


CUTICLE CREAM 

3 tbsp paraffin 
1/2 cup mineral oil 
1 tbsp coconut oil 
1 tbsp glycerin 

Slowly heat paraffin with the oils in a double boiler. Stir until blended. Add in the glycerin and remove from heat. Let cool before using. 


CUCUMBER FACIAL MASK (CLEANS AND MOISTURIZES) 

1 tbsp instant nonfat dry milk 
1/2 peeled cucumber 
1 tsp plain yogurt 

Put all ingredients into a blender and mix well until smooth. Apply to your face (avoid your eyes). Leave on for 15-20 minutes, then rinse off. Mix a fresh batch for each use. 


EGG FACIAL MASK (SMOOTHS AND MOISTURIZES) 

1 egg 
1/2 cup coconut oil 
1 tbsp honey 

Beat the egg in a small bowl. Add the coconut oil and honey slowly, beating until it's the consistency of mayonnaise. Spoon mixture into a toilet paper roll, sitting upright in a small bowl. Set in the freezer overnight. To use, peel away the top of the cardboard roll and smooth the frozen stick over your face. Leave it on for 5-10 minutes, then wash off with warm water. Keep the stick covered with plastic wrap and freeze between uses. 


HERBAL FACIAL MASK (CLEANS AND TIGHTENS PORES) 

1 tbsp honey 
1 egg 
1 tsp crumbled dried chamomile flowers 
1 tsp finely chopped fresh mint 

Mix all ingredients in a small bowl. Apply the mixture to your face and neck. Let dry (10-15 minutes) and rinse off with warm water. 


LEMON MOISTURIZER 

1 beaten egg yolk 
1/2 cup olive oil 
1/2 cup vegetable oil 
2 tbsp lemon juice 

Combine egg yolk and lemon juice in a small bowl. Stir with a wire whisk while adding both oils until the mixture thickens. If it's too thick, add more lemon juice. 


MAKEUP REMOVER AND MOISTURIZER 

1/2 cup paraffin 
1 cup mineral oil 
1/2 cup water 
2 tbsp alum 

Slowly heat paraffin with the oil in a double boiler. In a separate saucepan, heat the water until it simmers, then dissolve the alum in it. Let cool, then add to the warm mineral oil and paraffin mixture. As everything cools, the paraffin will rise to the top. Drain off the water. The residue is your makeup remover. 


PEPPERMINT LOTION 
Relieves itching

1/2 cup water 
1/2 cup rubbing alcohol 
3-4 drops peppermint oil 

Oil of eucalyputs or cade can be used in place of peppermint, if you prefer. Pour the water and alcohol into a bottle, then add the oil. Cap and shake well. Apply to your skin with a clean cloth. 


ROSEWATER SKIN LOTION
Rejuvinates and smooths your skin 

1 tbsp Rose water 
3 tbsp rose soluble 
2 cups water 
2 tbsp glycerin 
2 capsules vitamin E (800 IU's) 
1 tbsp honey 
1 tbsp coconut oil 
1 tbsp olive oil 

Break open capsules to remove vitamin E and combine with other ingredients in a small bowl. Mix well. To use, apply to your skin with cotton balls. Refrigerate between uses. 


STRAWBERRY SKIN MOISTURIZER 

1 tbsp each: olive, coconut and vegetable oils 
2 tbsp mashed strawberries 
(Optional) 1-2 drops Vitamin E oil 

Mix all ingredients in a small bowl. Store in the refrigerator in a covered jar between uses. 


ALMOND OIL WRINKLE CREAM
A rich moisturizer that boosts the water-holding capacity of your skin and helps plump out wrinkled areas

1 tbsp of an infusion of comfrey leaves OR 
1 tbsp of a decoction of comfrey roots
(See How to Make and Use Herb Preparations) 
1 tbsp lanolin 
2 tsp sweet almond oil 
2 tsp water 
2 tsp cod liver oil 

Melt lanolin and almond oil in a double boiler. Add water and allow to cool. Mix in cod liver oil and comfrey. Apply gently to face and rinse
off after 5-10 minutes. 


MAKE YOUR OWN POTPOURRI / SACHETS - Susan

You can use almost anything in your garden to make an aromatic potpourri mixture. Traditionally, potpourri is a mixture of dried flowers and other ingredients, placed in open containers, like small bowls or cups and placed to allow their aroma to delicately scent the room. Sachets are usually small cloth "pillows" containing potpourri, which can be used almost anywhere. Sachets have the advantage of being portable,
you can place them in drawers, pin them to pillows, or carry them in your purse wherever you go. 

Generally, potpourri ingredients should not be finely ground, petals of flowers should be lightly crushed. Ingredients such as cinnamon sticks or orange peels should be broken into small pieces or finely chopped. 

Some flowers that are especially good to use in potpourri are roses, carnations, hibiscus, violets, sunflowers, and lavendar. Some herbs that work well in potpourri are chamomile, lavender, thyme, sage and rosemary. Eucalyptus leaves are a nice addition to any potpourri. You shouldn't limit yourself to this list however. Experiment, use your imagination and whatever you have at hand. 

For all the following recipes, start with bone dry flowers, leaves, herbs and spices. 

POTPOURRI RECIPES: 

Essence of Rose 

Ingredients:

1 cup pink rose petals 
1/2 cup red rose petals 
1/2 cup white rose petals 
1/4 cup chamomile flowers 
1/2 cup crushed statice (blue or white) 
1/4 cup eucalyptus leaves 
1/4 cup oakmoss 
20 drops rose oil 

Gently combine petals and leaves in a large bowl. Scatter drops of rose oil over the mixture using an eyedropper. Stir gently. Place mixture in a brown paper bag lined with wax paper. Fold and seal the bag with a paper clip and leave in a dry, dark, cool place for 2 weeks. Every other day, stir the contents gently to blend and disperse ingredients and scents. Place in glass bowls or candy dishes. Top with small white or
pink rose buds. 

Floral 1 

Combine 3/4 cup calamus root, 1/2 cup caraway seeds, 1/4 cup ground cloves, 2 cups lavender flowers, 1 cup marjoram, 1 cup mint, 2 cups rose leaves, 1/2 cup rosemary and 1/4 cup thyme. Mix well. 

Floral 2 

Combine 

10 marigold blossoms 
6 geranium leaves 
5 rose blossoms 
2 tsp dried lavender 
2 tsp orrisroot 
2 drops rose fixative 

Spice 

Combine 1/4 cup orrisroot, 4 cups lavender flowers, 3 cups patchouli, 1/4 cup ground cloves, 1 cup deerstongue leaves and 1/2 cup ground allspice. Add 10 drops oil of rose, 10 drops oil of lavender, 12 drops oil of neroli and 1/4 tsp. oil of sandalwood. Mix well. 

Cassie 

Combine 4 cups cassie flowers, 1/4 cup orrisroot powder and 1/2 cup starch. Mix well. 

Pine 

Combine: 

1/2 cup bayberry leaves 
1/2 cup snipped balsam needles 
1/2 cup miniature pine cones 
1/2 cup rose hips 
2 tsp orrisroot 
2 drops pine-scented fixative 

Mix the bayberry, balsam, pine cones and rose hips in a large bowl. Add the orrisroot and fixative and stir gently. This makes a great Christmas potpourri! 

More stuff... 

Processed Corn Cob Additive - Put some ground corn cob material (sold as cellulose, or litter material at your Walmart or pet store) in a jar. Add several drops of essential oil, place lid on jar and shake. Shake jar about once every day or so for about 10 days. Add it to your potpourri to give body and help hold the scent. 

Potpourri Filler - If you don't have enough dried flowers to make potpourri, or if you just need some filler, remember you can use almost anything in your mixture. Pine cones (whole or just the petals), bark, leaves, etc. Orris root is commonly used as a filler/fixative. Another alternative is to buy a "Filler". 

HOW TO COLOR FIREPLACE FLAMES - Susan

If you enjoy sitting around your fireplace and watching colorful flames dance, you'll be happy to know you can color your own flames quite
cheaply. Basically, there are three methods of coloring fireplace flames. You can soak the logs in an alcohol solution which contains certain
chemicals. Or you can soak the logs in a water solution containing certain chemicals and then dry them. And finally, you can just throw
certain chemicals into the flames. The various chemicals or salts required for certain colors of flames are as follows: 

3 parts Potassium sulphate (Chromealum) and 1 part potassium nitrate (Salt Peter) for violet flames
Strontium chloride for red flames 
Calcium chloride (bleaching powder) for blue flames 
Magnesium sulphate (Epson Salts) for white flames 
Baronsalts (Borax) for yellowish-green flames 
Copper sulphate (blue vitrol/Bluestone) for green flames 
Sodium chloride (table salt) for yellow flames

Colorful flames: 1/2 lb. baking soda to 1/2 gallon of water, or 1/2 lb. borax to 1/2 gallon of water, or 1/2 lb. salt to 1/2 gallon of water. Soak pinecones overnight and put in mesh bag to dry You may also treat pinecones, coarse sawdust or cork waste and throw them into the fireplace to color the fire. They are far easier to treat and take less time to dry. Here are two methods for treating bases such as course sawdust, pinecones and cork waste. 

Best for sawdust - Dissolve the chemical in water. Stir in your base. When the solution is completely absorbed, spread the base out in a thin layer to dry.

Best for cork-based chips - Add 1 pint of liquid glue to 7 parts of water. Crush the chemical to a fine powder and add 1 pound of the powder to each gallon of glue-water. Put into the liquid as much of the sawdust, cork waste or pinecones that it will take, stirring and adding more base until all the liquid has been absorbed. Spread out on a rack to dry. 

It is better to treat separate portions of your base with the solution of a single chemical than to treat the base in a single mixture of various chemicals. After drying the separately treated portions of sawdust or cork waste, you can then mix them together in order to achieve distinctly colored flames. 

There is no fixed proportion of chemicals to be used to a given amount of water. As much of the powdered chemical should be mixed with water as will dissolve, until you have a saturated solution. The only exception is ordinary table salt (sodium chloride), in which case you should use 1/2 ounce of salt to each pint of water. 

Coarse hardwood sawdust is better than pine or other softwood sawdust as a base. Cork waste also makes an excellent base. 

Materials & Supplies:
Most of the ingredients needed for this project can be found at your local grocery store. The not-so-common ingredients/chemicals, such as copper sulfate and calcium chloride, can be found online at the Chemistry Store. For information on supplies, materials, ingredients, chemicals, etc., check out:

CHEMICAL COMPANIES ONLINE 

Advance Scientific and Chemical - chemical list, educational science kits. Email or call to request information on purchasing chemicals in small quantities. alan@advance-scientific.com, 1-800-524-2436. 

AlliedSignal Inc. Specialty Chemicals - http://www.specialtychem.com/ 

Amoco Chemicals - http://www.amocochem.com/, plastics, chemicals and textile materials. 

The Chemistry Store - chemical supplier. 

Cosmos Online - http://www.cosmos.com.mx/, suppliers of products from all over the world 

FisherChemical - http://www.fishersci.com/suppliers/chemicals.jhtml, 1 Reagent Lane, Fairlawn, NJ O7410, Technical Assistance - 800-227-6701, Fax on Demand for Certificates of Analysis and MSDS - 201-703-3165, Phone: 800-766-7000 

FMC - http://www.fmc.com/, producers of chemicals and machinery for industry and agriculture. Located in the UK. 

Green Mountain Co., Taiwan - http://manufacture.com.tw/~green/export1.htm, Chemical supplier 

LabChem - http://www.procurenet.com/mall/labchem/ 

Pfaltz & Bauer - http://www.pfaltzandbauer.com/, Big company, hard to find, rare chemicals. Large quantities. 

Richard-Allan Scientific - http://www.fishersci.com/suppliers/chemicals.jhtml, 225 Parsons Street, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, Phone: 800-522-7270 

Sargent-Welch - http://www.sargentwelch.com/, Phone 800 727 4368 FAX 800 676 2540, E-Mail sarwel@sargentwelch.com 

Standard Ceramic Supply Company - http://www.ceramics.com/clay/matl.html 

The Sourcerer Chemical Directory - Sources in the UK. They assist in finding chemicals, services and companies throughout the United Kingdom, together with Agents representing UK Companies. 

VWR Scientific Products - http://www.vwrsp.com/ 

Note: The following items and companies have been extracted from various project resources. Some of the information may be out of date and still needs to be verified. 

ALUMINUM STEARATE - Witco Chemical Co., 277 Park Ave., New York, NY 10017 

BL-353 from E.I. DuPont deNemours & Co., Inc., Willmington, Delaware. 

CATALYST R1 also from Reichold Chemicals - Reichold Chemicals, Inc., 525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY 10602. 

COLOR PASTES FOR LAMINAC RESINS from Plastic Molders Supply Co., 74 South Ave., Fanwood, NJ 

CELLOPHANE from Olin Products Co., Inc. 270 Park Ave., New York, NY 

COBALT NAPTHENATE (liquid) from Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Reading, OH 

DIOCTYL PHTHALATE - Monsanto Chemical Co., 1700 S. 2nd St., St. Louis, MO 

DYTHOS from National Lead Co., 111 Broadway, New York, NY 10006 

FIBERGLASS MAT from Bigelow Fiberglass Products, 140 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016 

WOVEN FIBERGLASS CLOTH from Hess Goldsmith & Co., 1450 Broadway, New York, NY 

GEON 121 and GEON 202 from - B.F. Goodrich, Chemical Co., 3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 

GOOD-RITE GP-261 also from B.F. Goodrich Chemical Co., 3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 

LAMINAC 4134 and LAMINAC 4110 from American Cyanamid Co., Plastics & Resins Division, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY 10020 

METHYL ETHYL KETONE from Enjay Co., Inc., 15 W. 51st St., New York, NY 10019 

PAINT CANS - Fruend Can Co., 4439 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60615 

PANAFLEX DN-2 - Amoco Chemical Corp., 555 Fifty Ave., New York, NY 

PARAPLEX G-25 and PARAPLEX G-50 from Rehm & Haas Co., Washington Square, Philadelphia, PA 

PLIOVIC 40 - (Pliovic is a vinyl chloride.) Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH 

POLYLITE 8601 (a Polyester Resin) and POLYLITE 8621 (a Polyiscyanate) from: Reichold Chemicals, Inc., 525 N. Broadway, White Plains, NY
10602. 

TALC from Johns-Manville Co., Celite Division, 22 E. 40th St., New York, NY 10016 

WAX - No. 1894 EX-L WAX from Mitchell Rand Manufacturing Co., 51 Murray St., New York, NY 10007

HOMEMADE ICE PACKS - HighFlyer

Use a medium sized plastic zipper type freezer storage bag. Put in 2 cups water and 1/3 cup rubbing alcohol; mix together and freeze. This makes those wonderful gel type ice packs that cost big dollars at the stores. Adjust the amounts of water and alcohol to make smaller or larger ice packs also. If desired, add food coloring to make them different colors.


Recipe Main